- Routine teeth floating
- Corrective dentistry
- Wolf tooth extractions
- Bit seat reduction
Floating Your Horse's Teeth
Floating your horse's teeth is rasping or filing the teeth. Floating removes sharp enamel points. These enamel points cause considerable discomfort to the cheeks, gums and tongue. The most common tools used are the floats. They are long handled rasps that are designed just for filing down the teeth.
The floating procedure is only one aspect of a complete dental examination. A full evaluation of your horse's teeth should be done yearly, but in some cases a more frequent exam is necessary. Sharp points occur in most horses over time due to uneven grinding and wear on the horse's molars.
The clinical signs of dental disease are varied. Some horses show obvious signs of pain and discomfort while other may adapt to the discomfort without showing you any signs of dental problems until they become severe. Listed below are common clinical signs of dental problems.
- Dropping feed from their mouth while eating
- Weight loss
- Excessive Salivation
- Foul odor from the mouth
- Nasal discharge or a swelling on the face
- Tossing, head tilting or fighting the bit
Dental care can be provided either in the field or at the clinic. With proper dental care your horse can utilize feed more efficiently, maintain proper body weight and carry a bit more comfortably when bridled. Common dental problems in horses are:
- Wave Mouth (Uneven Molar Table)
- Sharp enamel points causing lacerations of cheek and tongue
- Retained caps (baby teeth that have not been shed)
- Retained wolf teeth (causes discomfort when bitted)
- Hooks on premolars and molars
- Infected teeth and/or gums
- Congenital defects
- Periodontal (gum) disease